Check the whole view
Our eyes often instinctively search the mid-distance, but wildlife can be anywhere. Scan the horizon – you might spy a distant giraffe or circling vultures. Equally, check out your immediate vicinity: it’s easy to overlook a chameleon in a roadside bush.
Not just for a better view of wildlife but also to find it. Whenever you stop, scan methodically. Scrutinise promising spots: large trees, river banks, rocky outcrops.
If not in an open vehicle, keep your windows down. This frees your ears and nose. The cracking of a branch may betray an elephant. Meanwhile, the scent of dust and dung reminds you that you’re out in the bush, not stuck in a glass bubble.
Stop as often as you can. You’ll see more when you’re stationary and with the engine off. Choose promising spots – a raised viewpoint, a river loop – and position yourself with the light behind you. If nothing is immediately visible, give it time. Things will appear.
It’s easy to slacken off when the day starts to heat up and that dawn predator promise fades. Try not to. Mid-morning means waterhole time for many drinkers, plus raptors riding the thermals.
Tracks and signs
You can still be a tracker, even in a vehicle. Scan the ground for fresh prints and droppings. You’ll need to drive slowly, which you should be doing anyway.
If you think you might have seen something, don’t be shy. There’s no shame in stopping for rhino rocks and lion tussocks. We’ve all been there. Who knows, next time…
Watch other animals
Prey animals will often give away predators. Watch for alarm signals: barking baboons or staring impala could reveal a leopard; agitated birds flocking to a tree might signal a snake.
Share the joy
On safari we love to feel exclusive. But if you meet another vehicle, stop to chat. Find out what they’re looking at and share what you’ve seen. Always approach carefully, so as not to scare their sighting or block their view.
In the pre-dawn darkness before departure, allow time to listen to the soundscape. Roaring lions nearby may help set your direction.
Keep everything to hand
Don’t pack vital stuff (camera lens, water bottle) in the boot. You may need them just when you can’t get them.